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such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon.
In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf Mountain with its cable car; the Sambódromo (Sambadrome), a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums.
is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.From the colonial period until the first independent decades, Rio de Janeiro was a city of slaves.There was a large influx of African slaves to Rio de Janeiro: in 1819, there were 145,000 slaves in the captaincy.Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began.This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country officially shifted to a city in one of its colonies.
When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire while the province was enriched with sugar cane agriculture in the Campos region and, especially, with the new coffee cultivation in the Paraíba Valley.